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Top Five Vitamins and Minerals for Men in 2023 - Arbor Vitamins

Top Five Vitamins and Minerals for Men in 2023

Over the past few decades, there has been a burgeoning interest in understanding the intricacies of human nutrition. As our understanding evolves, it becomes clear that certain vitamins and minerals play pivotal roles in optimising male health. In this blog post, we delve deep into the current scientific literature to understand which vitamins and minerals are most beneficial for men in 2023.Vitamin D

1. Vitamin D

Vitamin D, a fat-soluble vitamin, has long been associated with bone health due to its role in calcium homeostasis. However, recent studies have elucidated its significance in myriad other processes, including immune modulation, inflammation reduction, and mood regulation (Hossein-nezhad & Holick, 2013)1.

Men with deficient levels of vitamin D are at an increased risk for bone fragility, reduced muscle function, and even depressive disorders. Additionally, several studies have linked adequate vitamin D levels with a reduced risk of chronic diseases like type 2 diabetes and certain types of cancer (Song et al., 2016)2.Magnesium

2. Magnesium

Magnesium, an essential cation, is involved in over 300 enzymatic reactions in the body. Its relevance in male health stems from its role in muscle function, protein synthesis, blood glucose control, and the modulation of neuronal function (de Baaij et al., 2015)3.

Epidemiological data suggest that magnesium deficiency may predispose men to hypertension, type 2 diabetes, and even osteoporosis, stressing the importance of adequate magnesium intake (Rosanoff & Plesset, 2013)4.Zinc

3. Zinc

Zinc plays a multifaceted role in male health. It is essential for protein synthesis, DNA repair, cell division, and immune function. Importantly for men, zinc is fundamental in maintaining prostate health and testosterone levels (Prasad, 2013)5.

A deficiency can lead to suboptimal testosterone production, impaired immune function, and even neuropsychological symptoms. Given its crucial role, ensuring optimal intake is paramount for male health.Omega 3

4. Omega-3 Fatty Acids

While not a vitamin or mineral per se, omega-3 fatty acids—particularly EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid) and DHA (docosahexaenoic acid)—are essential for men due to their anti-inflammatory properties and their role in cognitive and cardiovascular health (Swanson et al., 2012)6. Regular intake of these fatty acids has been linked to a reduced risk of chronic conditions like heart disease.

5. Folate (Vitamin B9)

Folate, or vitamin B9, is crucial for DNA synthesis and repair. For men, it's essential to spermatogenesis. A deficiency in folate can lead to megaloblastic anemia and may also increase the risk of certain cancers (Kim et al., 2012)7.selenium

6. Selenium

Selenium, an essential trace element, plays a role in reproduction, thyroid hormone metabolism, DNA synthesis, and protection from oxidative damage. Recent research has suggested that adequate selenium levels may be protective against prostate cancer, although the evidence remains inconclusive (Hurwitz & Brady, 2018)8.


Men's nutritional needs are dynamic and evolve with age and lifestyle changes. As of 2023, the above-listed vitamins and minerals remain of paramount importance in ensuring optimal health. Regular check-ups and blood tests can provide insights into individual nutrient needs, and it is always advisable to seek tailored advice from a healthcare provider.


  1. Hossein-nezhad, A., & Holick, M. F. (2013). Vitamin D for health: a global perspective. Mayo Clinic Proceedings, 88(7), 720-755. 

  2. Song, Y., Wang, L., Pittas, A. G., Del Gobbo, L. C., Zhang, C., Manson, J. E., & Hu, F. B. (2016). Blood 25-hydroxy vitamin D levels and incident type 2 diabetes: a meta-analysis of prospective studies. Diabetes Care, 36(5), 1422-1428. 

  3. de Baaij, J. H. F., Hoenderop, J. G. J., & Bindels, R. J. M. (2015). Magnesium in man: implications for health and disease. Physiological Reviews, 95(1), 1-46. 

  4. Rosanoff, A., & Plesset, M. R. (2013). Oral magnesium supplements decrease high blood pressure (SBP> 155 mmHg) in hypertensive subjects on anti-hypertensive medications: a targeted meta-analysis. Magnesium Research, 26(3), 93-99. 

  5. Prasad, A. S. (2013). Discovery of human zinc deficiency: its impact on human health and disease. Advances in Nutrition, 4(2), 176-190. 

  6. Swanson, D., Block, R., & Mousa, S. A. (2012). Omega-3 fatty acids EPA and DHA: health benefits throughout life. Advances in Nutrition, 3(1), 1-7. 

  7. Kim, Y. I. (2012). Folate and colorectal cancer: an evidence-based critical review. Molecular Nutrition & Food Research, 51(3), 267-292. 

  8. Hurwitz, L. M., & Brady, D. A. (2018). Selenium and prostate cancer prevention: insights from the selenium and vitamin E cancer prevention trial (SELECT). Nutrients, 10(5), 608.

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